Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory condition which results in the formation of persistent granulomas or inflammatory cell clumps.
Granulomas are formed as a natural part of the immune response but usually break up after removal of foreign objects or irritants.
Sarcoidosis involves the development of granulomas which form or persist when no longer necessary.
Researchers are also not sure why sarcoidosis happens or how it does happen. This may however result from an excessive immune response to an irritant or allergens, such as:
There is some evidence to indicate that certain people may be more genetically predisposed to the condition grow.
The majority of cases of sarcoidosis includes or starts in the lungs. Also affecting the lymph nodes and glands, particularly those that affect the lungs. Sarcoidosis, however, can impact any organ in the body.
While less common, cases involving organs, such as the heart, brain, and kidneys, are often much more severe. They can also be difficult to treat, and can cause severe complications to the health.
Many people who have sarcoidosis have little, if any, symptoms.(Often, sarcoidosis is discovered when an X-ray of the chest is taken for some reason.) Other people may have general signs of sickness, such as weakness, nausea, swelling, and pain in the joints.
Many sarcoidosis symptoms are less common than the lung symptoms. They may include:
- Skin symptoms: Sarcoidosis that appear as a series of tender, red bumps called erythema nodosum. It can also appear on the nose as a scaly, purplish discoloration, also on cheeks and ears called lupus pernio. Very frequently, sarcoidosis causes skin overgrowths to become cysts, pimples or disfigures. In certain cases the overgrowths of disfiguring occur in areas without wounds or tattoos.
- Eye symptoms: These can involve red eyes, pain in the eyes and light sensitivity due to a disorder called uveitis.
- Heart symptoms: May include irregular heartbeat and cardiac failure.
- Other symptoms: A patient can have facial muscles paralyzed, hallucinations, psychological symptoms, swollen salivary glands or bone pain.
What causes sarcoidosis?
It is not clear what actually causes sarcoidosis.
- As with other inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, bacterial or viral infection also tends to cause this.
- In some cases, the autoimmune disease is known as sarcoidosis. This means that the immune system of your child starts to destroy healthy tissues in her body.
- Even though sarcoidosis is not an infectious illness, it continues to occur within families in some cases.
What are the risk factors for Sarcoidosis?
The risk of developing sarcoidosis can be increased by a variety of factors. Not everyone who has risk factors gets sarcoidosis. Factors of vulnerability to sarcoidosis include:
- Allergies and asthma
- Access to products used for planting, construction or hardware
- Exposure to insecticides, poisons, molds or farm dust
- Susceptibility to smoke and fumes
- Family history of the sarcoid
- Sex female
Sarcoidosis also causes long-term complications.
- Lungs: Untreated pulmonary sarcoidosis can lead to permanent lung scarring (pulmonary fibrosis), making breathing difficult and often causing pulmonary hypertension.
- Eyes: Inflammation can affect almost every part of your eye and can damage the retina, which can ultimately cause blindness. Sarcoidosis also can occasionally cause cataracts and glaucoma.
- Kidneys: Sarcoidosis can influence how calcium is treated by the body, which can lead to kidney stones and reduce activity in the kidneys. This will occasionally result in kidney failure.
- Heart: Cardiac sarcoidosis results in granulomas that can interrupt heart rhythm, blood flow, and regular heart function in your heart. This can in rare cases lead to death.
- Nervous system: A small number of people with sarcoidosis experience central nervous system-related complications when granulomas form in the brain and spinal cord. For example, inflammation in the facial nerves may cause facial paralysis.
Best Diet for Sarcoidosis
With a balanced diet will improve sarcoidosis.
While no diet is prescribed explicitly for sarcoidosis, a well-balanced diet may help improve overall health. Furthermore, it may help to concentrate on foods that minimize inflammation and to avoid those that can cause inflammation.
Here are some tips for a healthy diet.
Foods to Include in Your Diet
Foods that you can eat and other safe diet guidelines for sarcoidosis include:
- Add in plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Select antioxidant foods, such as tomatoes, bell peppers, blueberries and squash.
- Select lean meats, such as fish and poultry.
- Choose foods which contain healthy fats, such as avocados, nuts and fatty fish.
- Eat low-calcium but high-magnesium foods like bananas, potatoes, barley, wheat, maize, oats and brown rice.
- Remain hydrated with at least 6 glasses of water a day.
Foods to Avoid in Your Diet during sarcoidosis
Foods that you should not consume and other things that you should avoid while you have sarcoidosis include:
- Refrain from consuming refined-grain foods like white bread and pasta.
- Cutting red meat back.
- Avoid foods containing trans-fatty acids, such as commercially baked goods, French fries and margarine.
- Stay away from the alcohol, tobacco and caffeine.