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Cancer: Overview, Symptoms, Types Diagnostic and Treatments

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Cancer: Overview, Symptoms, Types Diagnostic and Treatments


What is Cancer-

Cancer also called malignancy is kind of a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. There are almost 200 types of cancer, including Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, colon cancer, Skin Cancer and Bladder Cancer etc. Every type of cancer has own different symptoms. When talk about Cancer treatment, it may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.

Signs and Symptoms:

Cancer symptoms and signs depend on the specific type and grade of cancer. But there are some common Symptoms such as lump, prolonged cough, abnormal bleeding, tiredness, and unexplained weight loss. In case if you have any symptoms in theses don’t mean you have cancer, they may other cause. Just visit a good doctor and discuss the issues you are facing.

Types of cancer: 

There are several types of cancer. Including…

Bladder Cancer
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Lung Cancer
Lymphoma - Non-Hodgkin
Melanoma
Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Throat cancer
Uterine cancer
Liver Cancer
Vaginal Cancer
Vulvar Cancer

Cancer Diagnostic:

How Is Cancer Diagnosed?

The earlier Stage cancer can be diagnosed and treated. But some type of cancer such as Breast Cancer, Mouth Cancer, Testicles Cancer, Throat Cancer, and Prostate Cancer are detected and diagnosed after a tumor can be felt or when other symptoms develop. In a few cases, cancer is diagnosed incidentally as a result of evaluating or treating other medical conditions.

Cancer Treatment:

•Surgery: Transurethral resection of tumor (TURBT) which is the common surgery in the early stages of the cancer. After surgery you would be able to go home the same day or the next.

•Intravesical therapy: 

1. Immunotherapy. In this therapy, your body’s own immune system attacks the cancer cells. Your doctor injects a germ called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) through catheter. This draws your body’s immune cells to your bladder. 

2. Intravesical chemotherapy (“chemo”). In this therapy, doctor injects some cancer-fighting medications through catheter. The chemo works to kill the harmful cells.

•Chemotherapy: Systemic chemo. Your doctor will give you chemo through an IV. Through this Therapy, medication travels through whole bloodstream to other parts of the body. It can kill cancer cells that may have spread beyond your organ.

•Radiation therapy: This therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It doesn’t hurt. You might require 5 days a week for months.

Surgery:  Transurethral resection of tumor (TURBT) which is the common surgery in the early stages of the cancer. After surgery you would be able to go home the same day or the next.
Intravesical therapy: 
Immunotherapy: In this therapy, your body’s own immune system attacks the cancer cells. Your doctor injects a germ called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) through catheter. This draws your body’s immune cells to your bladder. 
Intravesical chemotherapy (“chemo”): In this therapy, doctor injects some cancer-fighting medications through catheter. The chemo works to kill the harmful cells.
Chemotherapy: Systemic chemo. Your doctor will give you chemo through an IV. Through this Therapy, medication travels through whole bloodstream to other parts of the body. It can kill cancer cells that may have spread beyond your organ.
Radiation therapy: This therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It doesn’t hurt. You might require 5 days a week for months.
Importance of PET-CT Scan: 
A Positron Emission Tomography - Computed Tomography (PET/CT) is an important for cancer diagnosis & treatment. PET scans show your doctor an image of the tissues in your body & gives their working details and what they look like, so that abnormal areas are easily seen. 
During a PET scan, a few amount of radioactive material will be given before a body scan. The radioactive material helps to get different images of cancer cells than healthy cells. Through this, cancerous cells can see easily, diagnose the cancer stage, and determine how well you cancer treatment is working. A PET scan can be combined with a CT scan or other radiology procedure for the most accurate imaging results.
Cancer
Esophageal cancer
Gallbladder cancer
Kidney cancer

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