Rosacea disease is a widespread but poorly understood long-term skin disorder that primarily affects the face. It can be managed to some degree with long-term therapy, but sometimes the improvements in physical appearance can have a major psychological effect.
Symptoms of Rosacea Disease
The biggest thing you’ll notice is redness on your cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. Rarely, the color will appear on your arms, eyes, face, or chest.
After a while, broken blood vessels may show through your skin, which can thicken and swell up. Up to half of the people with rosacea also get eye problems including redness, swelling, and pain.
Other symptoms you may get are:
- Stinging and burning of your skin
- Patches of rough, dry skin
- A swollen, bulb-shaped nose
- Larger pores
- Broken blood vessels on your eyelids
- Bumps on your eyelids
- Problems with seeing
Your rosacea symptoms can come and go. They could flare up for a few weeks, disappear, and then come back.
Having care is a must, so make sure you see the doctor. If you don’t take care of your rosacea, redness and swelling will get worse and may become permanent.
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What causes Rosacea disease?
The cause of rosacea has not been determined. It may be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. It is known that certain things can make your rosacea symptoms worse. These include:
- Eating spicy foods
- Eating items that contain the compound cinnamaldehyde, such as cinnamon, chocolate, tomatoes, and citrus
- Drinking hot coffee or tea
- Having the intestinal bacteria Helicobacter pylori
- A skin mite called Demodex and the bacterium it carries, bacillus Polonius
- The presence of cathelicidin (a protein that protects the skin from infection)
Risk factors of rosacea disease
Anyone can develop rosacea. But you may be more likely to develop it if you:
- Are female
- Have light skin, mainly if it has been damaged by the sun
- Are you over age 30
- Have a family history of rosacea
Natural remedies for Rosacea Disease
Such lifestyle and home remedies can help to control symptoms and can be used alongside any medical treatments. The key here is to minimize exposure to anything that may trigger symptoms or exacerbate them:
- When exposed to the sun, wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15.
- Try to refrain from rubbing or touching the skin on the face.
- If the skin is sore, use a moisturizer.
- Only apply moisturizers after topical medication has dried.
- Only use products labeled as non-comedogenic. These do not block the oil and sweat gland openings.
- Do not get too hot.
- Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages.
- Avoid spicy foods.
- When washing, apply a gentle cleanser to trouble areas.
- Do not use any facial products which contain irritants to the skin or alcohol.
- In wintertime, cover the face with a scarf or ski mask.
- An electric shaver is less likely to cause flare-ups than regular razors.
- Build up a list of possible foods and beverages that could cause an outbreak and avoid them.
- Green or yellow pre-foundation creams and powders can help mask skin redness.
Complications of rosacea
Some of the complications of rosacea disease include:
- Rhinophyma – the skin of the nose is heavily reddened, swollen, and pulpy. This is caused by the enlargement of the sebaceous glands. Some men are prone to this complication.
- Conjunctivitis – is inflammation of the conjunctiva (membrane of the eye).
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Can you prevent rosacea?
As the cause of rosacea is not understood, the rosacea disease cannot be avoided. Nevertheless, rosacea sufferers can increase their chances of sustaining remission by recognizing and avoiding lifestyle and environmental factors that aggravate individual conditions or cause rosacea flare-ups. Some triggers include:
- Sun/wind exposure.
- Emotional stress.
- Hot/cold weather.
- Heavy exercise.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Hot baths/beverages.
To help prevent further irritation of rosacea disease and promote healthy skin, these general steps can be taken:
- Gently clean your skin twice daily using a gentle, soap-free, non-abrasive cleanser
- Avoid oil-based cosmetic products that require solvents for removal.
- Use alcohol-free facial products
- Quit smoking and avoid second-hand smoke.
- Protect against exposure to extreme hot and cold temperatures e.g. hot baths or showers
- Use a non-irritating sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30+ to protect your skin from the sun
- Reduce stress levels.
- Avoid caffeine, hot drinks, and fast spicy food