Muscle aches, or
myalgia, are extremely common. Almost everybody has experienced discomfort in
their muscles at some point.
Because there is muscle tissue in nearly all parts of the body, this type of pain can be felt practically anywhere…
Often, people who
experience muscle aches can easily pinpoint the cause. This is because most
instances of myalgia result from too much stress, tension, or physical
activity. Some common causes include:
muscle tension in one or more areas of the body
overusing the muscle during physical activity
injuring the muscle while engaging in physically demanding work or exercise
Not all muscle aches are related to stress, tension, and physical activity. Some medical explanations for myalgia include:
infections, such as the flu, polio, or bacterial infections
autoimmune disorders such as lupus, dermatomyositis, and polymyositis
use of certain medications or drugs, such as statins, ACE inhibitors, or cocaine
thyroid problems, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
hypokalemia (low potassium)
Pain in whole body and feeling stretching of skin and other body parts.
Muscle aches often
respond well to home treatment. Some measures you can take to relieve muscle
discomfort from injuries and overuse include:
resting the area of the body where you are experiencing aches and pains
taking an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen
applying ice to the affected area to help relieve pain and reduce inflammation
You should use ice for one to three days following a strain or sprain, and apply heat for any pain that remains after three days.
Other measures that may provide relief from muscle pain include:
gently stretching the muscles
avoiding high-impact activities until after the muscle pain goes away
avoiding weight-lifting sessions until the muscle pain is resolved
giving yourself time to rest
doing stress-relieving activities and exercises such as yoga and meditation to relieve tension
If your muscle pain is
caused by tension or physical activity, take these measures to lower your risk
of developing muscle pain in the future:
Stretch your muscles before engaging in physical activity and after workouts.
Incorporate a warm-up and a cooldown into all of your exercise sessions.
Stay hydrated, especially on days when you are active.
Engage in regular exercise to help promote optimal muscle tone.
Get up and stretch regularly if you work at a desk or in an environment that puts you at risk for muscle strain or tension.
People who work at a desk should make an effort to get up and stretch at least every 60 minutes.
Your sore muscles might be due to something other than tension and physical activity. In this case, your doctor will best be able to advise you on how to fully resolve your muscle pain. The first priority will be to treat the primary condition.