Painful urination (dysuria) is discomfort or burning with urination, usually felt in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum).
A number of conditions can cause painful urination (dysuria). In women, urinary tract infections are a common cause of painful urination. In men, urethritis and certain prostate conditions are frequent causes of painful urination.
Medical conditions and external factors that can cause painful urination include:
Drugs, such as those used in cancer treatment, that have bladder irritation as a side effect
Having a recent urinary tract procedure performed, including use of urologic instruments for testing or treatment
Prostatitis (infection or inflammation of the prostate)
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Soaps, perfumes and other personal care products
Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra)
Urethritis (infection of the urethra)
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
Vaginitis (vaginal infection)