Fibromyalgia: The 10 Root Causes You Need to Know About

Fibromyalgia is a medical condition that affects around 5 million Americans, predominantly women. Even though it’s a relatively common condition, there is still much we don’t know about fibromyalgia and its root causes. Fibromyalgia Symptoms include widespread pain, fatigue, and sleep problems. 

In this article, we’ll delve into the mysterious world of fibromyalgia to uncover some of its underlying causes. Read on to learn more about what might be causing your pain and fatigue.

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is derived from Latin and Greek words that mean “fiber” and “pain.” It is a chronic disorder. A person suffering from Fibromyalgia experiences widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in the joints, muscles, and tendons. 

Fibromyalgia is thought to be caused by abnormalities in how the brain and spinal cord process pain signals. The disorder has no known cure. However, therapies can lessen symptoms. It is a relatively common condition, affecting an estimated 2-4% of the population.

The Root Causes of Fibromyalgia

There is no definitive answer to what causes fibromyalgia. However, there are several theories as to what may contribute to the development of this chronic condition.


Fibromyalgia is a condition believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Studies have shown that fibromyalgia can run in families, which suggests that genetics may play a role in its development. 

Additionally, research has identified several genes associated with an increased risk of developing fibromyalgia. However, it is important to note that having these genes does not guarantee that a person will develop the condition.


Many possible infections could lead to fibromyalgia. Lyme disease, for example, is a bacterial infection transmitted by ticks. It can cause many symptoms, including fatigue, joint pain, rheumatoid arthritis. Other possible infections include viral infections such as Epstein-Barr virus or HHV-6 and fungal infections such as candida.


Fibromyalgia is a condition that is often misunderstood. The exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but it is believed to be associated with trauma.

Fibromyalgia can result from a wide range of trauma. The syndrome can be brought on by physical trauma, such as a vehicle accident or a fall. Traumatic emotional experiences like abuse or neglect may also play a role. These kinds of trauma are thought to alter the neural system and result in persistent pain.

Emotional stress

Stress is believed to be one of the prime fibromyalgia causes. It can also trigger or worsen fibromyalgia symptoms. When stressed, your body releases hormones that can worsen the pain. Stress also can interfere with sleep, which can make fatigue worse.

There are many ways to manage stress, such as relaxation techniques, exercise, and counseling. If stress triggers your fibromyalgia symptoms, working to manage it may help improve your symptoms.


When the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissue, it can cause widespread inflammation and pain. Autoimmune diseases like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and celiac disease have all been linked to fibromyalgia. If you have any of these conditions, you may be at a higher risk for developing fibromyalgia.

Hormonal imbalances

Fibromyalgia has been linked to low levels of serotonin and norepinephrine and high cortisol levels. These hormonal imbalances may be responsible for the widespread pain and fatigue characteristic of fibromyalgia.

Stress can play a big role in causing hormonal imbalances. If you’re constantly under stress, your body may not have enough time to recover from the cortisol spikes, which can lead to chronic hormonal imbalances.

Diet can also cause hormonal imbalances. Processed foods and sugar can trigger inflammation throughout the body, leading to weight gain and other health problems.

Certain medications can also cause hormonal imbalances. Birth control pills, for example, can cause a decrease in progesterone levels. It can lead to PMS-like symptoms, including mood swings and bloating. 

Nutrient deficiencies

Many potential nutrient deficiencies can contribute to the development of fibromyalgia. For example, magnesium is important for maintaining muscle and nerve function. Their deficiency can lead to muscle pain and cramping. Additionally, deficiencies in vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids have been linked to an increased risk of fibromyalgia.

Toxins and chemical sensitivities

There are many potential root causes of fibromyalgia, but one of the most common is exposure to toxins and chemicals. Many people with fibromyalgia have sensitivities to chemicals and other pollutants that can trigger symptoms.

Exposure to toxins can come from many sources, including the environment, workplace, and household products. Some people may be more susceptible to chemical sensitivities than others, but anyone can develop them over time.

Sleep disorders

Sleep problems are one of the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia, with up to 80% of people reporting difficulty sleeping. They can also worsen the fatigue and pain of fibromyalgia and make it more difficult to function during the day. If you have fibromyalgia and a sleep disorder, getting treatment is important.

Fibromyalgia FAQs

#1. What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia in females?

The symptoms of fibromyalgia in females are widespread pain, fatigue, and tenderness in the muscles and joints.

#2. What are some rare fibromyalgia symptoms?

Everyone experiences fibromyalgia differently. However, some rare symptoms that have been reported include

  • Vertigo 
  • Hypersensitivity to light or sound, 
  • Gastrointestinal issues (nausea, diarrhea, or constipation) 
  • Sexual dysfunction 
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing 
  • Seizures

#3. How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

A diagnosis is typically based on symptoms, medical history, and a physical fibromyalgia test. Your doctor may ask about your symptoms and how long you have been experiencing them. 

He or she will also perform a physical exam, looking for tender points on your body. Fibromyalgia is diagnosed if you have pain in at least 11 of 18 specific tender points.

#4. How to treat fibromyalgia?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to treat fibromyalgia may vary from person to person. However, some of the most common treatments for fibromyalgia include medications, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

#5. What is fibromyalgia disability?

Fibromyalgia disability is a physical condition that limits a person’s ability to work. It is caused by chronic pain and fatigue, which can make it difficult to complete everyday tasks.

#6. What are some common exercises for fibromyalgia?

No one exercise routine is best for everyone with fibromyalgia. However, some common exercises that may help include stretching, aerobic exercise, and strength training.


Fibromyalgia can be debilitating for many people, making it difficult to live an active life. We hope this article has shed some light on the ten root causes of fibromyalgia. By learning about these triggers and managing your lifestyle accordingly, you may find relief from symptoms more quickly than if you wait until things worsen. 

While the exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, some treatments can help manage the condition. Ultimately, only a doctor should diagnose and treat fibromyalgia – but now that you understand what might be causing it in the first place, hopefully, finding a Fibromyalgia treatment plan will become easier.

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