Fibromyalgia: The 10 Root Causes You Need to Know About

Fibromyalgia is a medical condition that affects around 5 million Americans, predominantly women. Even though it’s a relatively common condition, there is still much we don’t know about fibromyalgia and its root causes. Fibromyalgia Symptoms include widespread pain, fatigue, and sleep problems (Insomnia)

You will find a ton of articles online on Natural remedies for fibromyalgia, it’s always wise to consult an expert first. While some of them may work without any harm, these remedies should be followed with caution.  

In the worst cases, Fibromyalgia can lead to Cognitive Difficulties too. That’s why it makes it imperative for patients or family members to learn more about the disease. This will help them better understand the key causes, diagnosis procedures, and the ideal Fibromyalgia diet for healing. 

In this article, we’ll delve into the mysterious world of fibromyalgia and its key causes. We will also try to touch upon the key Fibromyalgia Diagnosis. So keep reading to learn more. 

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is derived from Latin and Greek words that mean “fibre” and “pain.” It is a chronic disorder. A person suffering from Fibromyalgia experiences widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in the joints, muscles, and tendons. 

Fibromyalgia is thought to be caused by abnormalities in how the brain and spinal cord process pain signals. The disorder has no known cure. However, therapies can lessen symptoms. It is a relatively common condition, affecting an estimated 2-4% of the population.

The Root Causes of Fibromyalgia

There is no definitive answer to what causes fibromyalgia. However, there are several theories as to what may contribute to the development of this chronic condition. Here’s a breakdown of the 7 key Fibromyalgia causes:


Does someone in your family or previously had Fibromyalgia? If, yes then you could be a candidate too.  Studies have shown that Fibromyalgia can sometimes run in families, suggesting a possible genetic link

However, Having these genes doesn’t guarantee someone will develop fibromyalgia. It’s more likely a combination of genetic and environmental factors. 


There is no direct correlation between infections and fibromyalgia. However, some infections may still act as a trigger. These include: 

  • Lyme disease (a type of bacterial infection)
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) (mononucleosis virus)
  • Hepatitis C (A viral liver infection)

But, these infections do not always lead to fibromyalgia. Still, it’s better to stay wise and get yourself a fibromyalgia diagnosis test. 


Both physical and emotional trauma can be a contributing factor for Fibromyalgia. Our brain is responsible for filtering pain signals. A trauma, such as an accident or a nervous breakdown, can either amplify or alter these pain signals. 

So, it’s important to take symptoms like pain, fatigue, and sleep problems seriously. Don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor. 

Emotional Stress

Stress is believed to be one of the prime fibromyalgia causes. It can also trigger or worsen fibromyalgia symptoms. When stressed, your body releases hormones that can worsen the pain. Stress also can interfere with sleep, which can make fatigue worse.

There are many ways to manage stress, such as relaxation techniques, exercise, and counselling. If stress triggers your fibromyalgia symptoms, working to manage it may help improve your symptoms.

Autoimmune Diseases

When the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissue, it can cause widespread inflammation and pain. Autoimmune diseases like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and celiac disease have all been linked to fibromyalgia. If you have any of these conditions, you may be at a higher risk for developing fibromyalgia.

Stress Hormone Imbalances

Are you familiar with the term Cortisol? Even if you are not, we are sure you are familiar with “STRESS”. It is now part and parcel of modern life. Be it at work or home, stress levels can have a link with fibromyalgia risks.

When under too much or consistent stress, our body releases Cortisol or the stress hormone. If cortisol levels become unbalanced, they can cause widespread pain and fatigue- key characteristics of fibromyalgia.

Other than stress, factors like poor dietary habits, inactive lifestyles, and certain medications can cause hormonal imbalances. Birth control pills, for example, can cause a decrease in progesterone levels. If left unchecked or ignored, they can give rise to fibromyalgia symptoms. 

Nutrient deficiencies

Many potential nutrient deficiencies can contribute to the development of fibromyalgia. For example, magnesium is important for maintaining muscle and nerve function. Their deficiency can lead to muscle pain and cramping. Additionally, deficiencies in vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids have been linked to an increased risk of fibromyalgia.

Sleep Disorders

Sleep problems are one of the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia, with up to 80% of people reporting difficulty sleeping. They can also worsen the fatigue and pain of fibromyalgia and make it more difficult to function during the day. If you have a sleep disorder, getting a fibromyalgia diagnosis is important.

Planning Your Fibromyalgia Diagnosis 

If you feel you have Fibromyalgia symptoms or even any of the triggers mentioned above, a Fibromyalgia diagnosis is a good step forward. It will help you find the exact cause of your condition as well as set you up for the right treatment and recovery plan. 

If you have experienced symptoms for at least 3 months, seek help from an expert. If symptoms are mild, you can consult a primary healthcare provider. But for severe symptoms such as chronic pain or sleeping issues, consult a specialist such as a rheumatologist, pain management expert, mental health expert, etc. 

Also, remember there is no single test for Fibromyalgia diagnosis. Your doctor may suggest several tests. And, then plan a treatment for you. In either case, whether you have or do not have the disease, it’s important to stay positive and trust your doctor.

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Fibromyalgia Diet: Eat to Feel Better

Whether in Fibromyalgia or for any other disease, dietary choices are crucial to our recovery. In the case of Fibromyalgia, the focus should be on increasing the body’s antioxidants. Here’s a simple breakdown of the best Fibromyalgia diet:

Eat More of These:

  • Fruits and vegetables: They are packed with antioxidants.
  • Fatty fish (salmon, tuna): Rich in omega-3s (reduce inflammation).
  • Olive oil, avocados, nuts: Good fats for overall health.

Eat Less of These:

  • Processed foods that worsen inflammation.
  • Red meat may contribute to inflammation.
  • Refined carbs (white bread, pastries).
  • Gluten (if sensitive).

Other Things to Keep in Mind:

  • Stay hydrated and drink plenty of water throughout the day
  • Maintain a healthy blood sugar diet and avoid energy crashes.
  • Practice yoga or meditation to manage symptoms better.

Key Takeaways

Fibromyalgia can be debilitating for many people, making it difficult to live an active life. We hope this article has shed some light on the root causes of fibromyalgia. By learning about these triggers and managing a Fibromyalgia diet, you may find relief from symptoms more quickly than if you wait until things worsen. 

While the exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, some treatments can help manage the condition. Ultimately, only a doctor should diagnose and treat fibromyalgia. But now that you understand Fibromyalgia diagnosis and causes in the first place, hopefully, finding a Fibromyalgia treatment plan will become easier.

Fibromyalgia FAQs

#1. What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia in females?

The symptoms of fibromyalgia in females are widespread pain, fatigue, and tenderness in the muscles and joints.

#2. What are some rare fibromyalgia symptoms?

Everyone experiences fibromyalgia differently. However, some rare symptoms that have been reported include

  • Vertigo 
  • Hypersensitivity to light or sound, 
  • Gastrointestinal issues (nausea, diarrhea, or constipation) 
  • Sexual dysfunction 
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing 
  • Seizures

#3. How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

A diagnosis is typically based on symptoms, medical history, and a physical fibromyalgia test. Your doctor may ask about your symptoms and how long you have been experiencing them. 

He or she will also perform a physical exam, looking for tender points on your body. Fibromyalgia is diagnosed if you have pain in at least 11 of 18 specific tender points.

#4. How to treat fibromyalgia?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to treat fibromyalgia may vary from person to person. However, some of the most common treatments for fibromyalgia include medications, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

#5. What is fibromyalgia disability?

Fibromyalgia disability is a physical condition that limits a person’s ability to work. It is caused by chronic pain and fatigue, which can make it difficult to complete everyday tasks.

#6. What are some common exercises for fibromyalgia?

No one exercise routine is best for everyone with fibromyalgia. However, some common exercises that may help include stretching, aerobic exercise, and strength training.

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