Republic Day Celebration 2024: History, Significance, Theme And Facts

Republic Day is one of the most celebrated occasions in the history of India, as India adopted the Constitution on 26th January 1950. This replaced the Government of India Act 1935 which separated the nation from British Rule. On this auspicious occasion, the president of India hoists the national flag, followed by parades and several cultural programs. Moreover, this year, India will be celebrating its 75th Republic Day, themed ”India – Mother of Democracy” and ”Viksit Bharat”. To know about India Republic Day in detail, keep on reading! 

What is Republic Day in India? 

India adopted the Constitution of India on Republic Day, replacing the Government of India Act. This made India a separate republic nation free from the British Raj but also symbolized the dedication and commitment of Indias towards their nation, sovereignty, and democratic principles. Additionally, on this day, people perform several celebrations and conduct various events, including military and cultural pageantry, smaller parades, cultural programs, and public celebrations. Above all, it is also an official holiday for most government offices, private and public schools, and other entities. In all, this is a special day in the history of India, which is celebrated with great pride. 

History of Republic Day in India 

The demand for India’s independence gained momentum during the early 20th century. However, getting independence and adopting the Indian constitution was never an overnight success. Thus, the leading party of those days, the Indian National Congress along with leaders and freedom fighters stood up for self-rule. 

The Republic celebrates the spirit of India’s independence. Also, during its time on the banks of Ravi in Lahore, on January 26th 1930, the Indian National Congress proclaimed the end of colonial rule. In conclusion, India completed and adopted the constitution on 26 January 1950. That’s why Republic Day is celebrated in India.  

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How is Republic Day Celebrated in India?

On 26th January, India celebrates Republic Day every year, which marks a captivating and most celebrated event lined by several ceremonies, live events and cultural programmes throughout the country. Also, some key highlights of the 26 January Republic Day celebration in India are:

1. Parade and March Past

Parade and march past is a popular celebratory event on Republic Day conducted after hoisting the flag. Thus, the parade occurs at the Rajpath, New Delhi, representing cultural diversity and technological advances. Also, the President of India also presents several awards and medals, adding grace to the occasion.

2. Cultural Events

On this day, the government and the people organize several cultural programs and events to represent India’s rich cultural legacy. Therefore, this cultural pageantry helps to promote a sense of pride in India by reflecting the unity and variety that makes India what it is.

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3. Honorable Guest

As an Indian Republic Day ceremonies’ Chief Guest, the government invites a well-known foreign dignitary annually to this day celebration. Additionally, this custom highlights India’s diplomatic ties and acts as a representation of global collaboration. Thus, the participation of a foreign leader elevates the event’s prominence on a worldwide scale and fortifies India’s diplomatic relations with the guest nation.

Facts About Republic Day of India

1. Today, the Republic Day parade occurred at the Rajpath in New Delhi. Do you know it was not the actual centre for the parade? The parade was organized at the Irwin Stadium.

2. India has the world’s longest written Constitution.

3. Dr. Bhim Roa Ambdekar wrote the Indian Constitution; thus, he is known as the father of the Constitution.

4. The first-ever chief guest on India’s first Republic Day was President Sukarno of Indonesia.

5. This day is an occasion to honour and confer the National Bravery Awards on children for their exceptional courage and bravery.

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What is the Theme of Republic Day?

January 26, 2024, will be the 75th Republic Day of India, themed ”India – Mother of Democracy” and ”Viksit Bharat”. The celebrations will include hosting the flag and annual parade at Rajpath, now called Kartavya Path. In conclusion, it is going to be a massive celebration!

Wrapping Up 

India received independence from the British Raj on August 15 1947. However, the Constitution of India came into power on January 26, 1950; thus, it is a national holiday on Republic Day. On this auspicious day, most schools and colleges in India organize cultural events and celebrations around the country. Additionally, it is a national holiday for private schools, colleges and government offices. 

On January 26, the theme is ”India – Mother of Democracy” and ”Viksit Bharat”. Students around India will prepare skits, performances and more based on themes and perform in schools. This day is the time to appreciate our leaders’ unmatched efforts and sacrifices. Also, this day acts as a reminder to be grateful for your country and fulfil all duties mentioned in the Constitution of India. 


1. What does the Indian constitution consist of?  

The Indian Constitution is the world’s longest-written Constitution, establishing the fundamental political structure, code, powers, government duties and more. It also features fundamental rights, citizen responsibilities and directive principles.

2. List awards that the President of India presents on the Republic Day

On January 26th, the President of India presents awards like the Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Padma Awards and Vir Chakra to the nation’s deserving pride by the President of India on the republic day. 

3. What is the difference between Independence and Republic Day? 

On Independence Day, India got freedom from British Rule, whereas on Republic Day, the constitution of India came into effect. 

4. Who wrote the Indian constitution? 

Dr BR Ambedekar wrote the constitution of India. Therefore, he is also known as the father of the Indian constitution. 

5. Where does the Republic Day parade take place? 

The Republic Day parade is organized at the Rajpat, known as Kartavya, New Delhi.

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