What Are Proteins? Why Protein Is Essential For Human Body?
Protein is a nutritional compound; our body needs to grow and repair cells to work effectively. People who take high protein meals are healthy, hold good strength and stamina, and have good hair quality. Protein is the essential substance found in many of our everyday foods like eggs, green veggies, pulses, fish, etc. It is essential to have sufficient protein in your everyday diet.
Scientific Definition Of Protein
Protein is made up of building blocks in the body known as amino acids. In a human being, approximately 20 different amino acids are associated with each other and provide different combinations. Our body utilizes these chemicals to create new proteins like muscles, bones, and other necessary compounds, including enzymes and hormones.
Why Is Protein Necessary For Human Body?
The human body needs every compound in a definite amount. Speaking of protein, the nutritional value of protein in an individual is analyzed from the number of amino acids it contains. There are a few reasons why you need protein for the human body.
1. Growth & Maintenance
The first need to have protein compounds in the body is to provide necessary growth and maintenance to the individual body. The human body breaks down the same quantity of amino acids it utilizes to build or repair cells and tissues in a general health state.
But when we fall sick, injured, or have health issues, we need more protein than usual to regenerate or repair the cell and tissues. Thus, an individual needs healthy high protein meals to obtain such resistance in the body.
2. Biochemical Reactions
Enzymes are another form of protein that helps build biochemical reactions within and outside the cell. The formation of enzymes aids them in combining with other molecular particles, known as substrates. It catalyzes the reactions and induces metabolism.
Simultaneously, enzymes can perform their functions outside the cells like digestive enzymes Lactase and Sucrase, which helps them digest the sugar quickly. Other enzymes need other molecules like vitamins and minerals to form reactions for proper functioning in the human body.
3. Protein Acts As A Manager
There are a few proteins termed hormones that regulate communication between cells, tissues, and organs in an individual. They are the chemical messenger to establish a proper conversation between different organs and cells. The proteins are made of endocrine tissues or glands and transported to the blood vessels of the human. It then targets tissues or organs, holding together protein receptors on the cell surface.
4. Provides Structure
Other protein facts include fibrous proteins and give cells and tissues the required stiffness and rigidity. Such popular proteins are keratin, collagen, elastin, etc., which help form the bounding framework of specific structures in the human body.
Keratin is a common protein found on an individual's skin, hair, and nails. Collagen is found in abundance and builds bones, tendons, ligaments, and skin. The next one is elastin, which is more flexible than collagen. Its elasticity allows many tissues to reach their original form and shape in matters of stretching and contracting, like the uterus, lungs, arteries, etc.
5. Balancing Fluid
Proteins help in balancing the fluids in the body and regulate the process. There are two types of protein known as Albumin and Globulin. These help in maintaining the fluid balance by attraction and retention of water. People with low protein levels lose these compounds and eventually the balanced fluid.
Furthermore, an insufficient quantity of Albumin and Globulin reduces blood vessels' blood, and the fluid is forced to get cultivated between the cells.
Now that we have seen it, why is protein essential? Let us get back to the list of the top 10 foods with high protein.
List of Top 10 Foods That Are Rich In Protein & Affordable
An individual must secure at least 50 grams of protein (applicable for most people) every day to properly regulate the body's functioning. Some foods and beverages have high protein volumes. The list includes the following edibles:
Whole eggs hold excellent nutritional values if considered in the list of foods rich in protein. These are the only sources of getting vitamins, minerals, healthy fats, eye-protecting antioxidants, and brain nutrients that our body needs.
The eggs are very high in protein, but you will get the pure form of protein if you have white eggs. A whole egg contains 33% of calories. One large egg provides 6 grams of protein and 78 calories to the human body.
Another affordable food that is high in protein is Almonds. These are famous types of tree nuts. It contains nutrients, fiber, vitamin E, manganese, and magnesium. People who have nut allergies must not have almonds. It contains 15% calories, 6 grams of protein, and 164 calories per ounce (28 grams).
3. Chicken Breast
Another delicious food with high protein is Chicken Breast. Without skin, it provides most of the calories from protein. It is easy to cook and is yummy to eat. It contains 75% calories and 53 grams of protein (without skin).
The best way to reduce weight and gain the right amount of protein has Oats. It is rich in fibers, magnesium, manganese, thiamine (Vitamin B1), and many other nutrient compounds. It provides 11 grams of protein and 14% calories to the human body.
5. Greek Yogurt
Greek yogurt, also called strained yogurt, is a thick yogurt. It can be paired with fruits, veggies, savory dishes (mainly). It contains 69% calories and 17 grams of protein. One should have it in breakfast and must have plain yogurt. It is also rich in supplying the right amount of calcium to the human body.
Broccoli is a green vegetable that is a high nutritional value. It includes vitamin C, Vitamin K, Fibre, and potassium. It also gives bioactive nutrients that may help you fight cancer. It contains 33% of calories and 3 grams of protein in one cup of chopped broccoli.
In the list of top affordable food high in protein is milk. It holds almost every nutritional value an individual needs daily. Milk is a good source of high-quality protein, rich in calcium, phosphorus, and riboflavin (vitamin B2). It contains 21% of calories. One cup of milk is equal to 8 grams of protein.
Lentils are the form of legume. It is rich in fiber, magnesium, potassium, iron, folate, copper, manganese, and other nutrient values. These are a high source of plant-based protein and are the only choice for vegetarians and vegans. It contains 38% calories, and one cup of boiled lentils contains 18 grams of protein.
9. Pumpkin Seeds
Another economic food with high protein values is pumpkin seed. They hold many nutrient values like iron, magnesium, and zinc. It contains 22% of calories and 9 grams of protein.
The top food rich in protein is peanut. It contains protein, fibers, and magnesium. It also helps in reducing weight. It contains 7 grams of protein, and high calories, so have it in moderation.
So, here is the list of the best ten food to eat which is high in protein. The food shared here is also economical and will not burn your pocket. These are a high source of lean, pure form of protein and contain other nutrients like calcium, fiber, iron, magnesium, etc. To gain protein and fibers, people can also use spinach, carrot, walnuts, etc.